Bernardo degli Uberti († 1133), abbas maior of Vallombrosa (1098-1099), cardinal legate and apostolic vicar in Lombardy (1099-1109) and finally bishop of Parma (1106-1133) is one of the main figures of the reform movement who acted in northern Italy between the eleventh and the twelfth centuries. This paper aims to examine the memory construction of his figure in Parma during the twelfth and the thirteenth centuries, through the analysis of the hagiographic works and of the liturgy prepared to celebrate his holiness. Scripture and liturgical rituals, in fact, represent the main mediators of cultural memory that had as object Bernardo degli Uberti. This memorial process, marked by multiple horizons of meaning (religious, devotional, ecclesiological, political), represents not only a page of history of medieval holiness and piety but also of political and social history of Parma.
Bernardo degli Uberti – Cultural memory – Liturgical ceremonies – Hagiographic
write – Civic identity